Nigeria has over 170 million people making it the most populous country in Africa. The main economic mainstay before the oil boom was agriculture. The nation is blessed with natural and human resources which if utilised efficiently is sufficient for the economic growth of the country. Organic farming is one of the practices that can be considered for business and financial sustainability.  Organic farming is a technique, which involves cultivation of plants and rearing of animals in natural ways. This process involves the use of biological materials, avoiding synthetic substances to maintain soil fertility and ecological balance thereby minimizing pollution and wastage. It relies on ecologically balanced agricultural principles like crop rotation, green manure, organic waste, biological pest control, mineral and rock additives. Organic farming could make use of pesticides and fertilizers if they are considered natural but avoid the use of various petrochemical fertilizers and pesticides.
The benefits of organic farming include:
SAFE FOOD PRODUCE: produce of organic food farming are safe and free of toxins which are usually present in food which are planted using chemicals, pesticides etc.

IMPROVED TASTE: produce from organic farming are known to have higher quality and better taste.
LONGER SHELF LIFE: Organic plants have greater metabolic and structural integrity in their cellular structure than conventional crops. This enables storage of organic food for a longer time.

BETTER NUTRITION: As compared to a longer time conventionally grown food, organic food is richer in nutrients. Nutritional value of a food item is determined by its mineral and vitamin content. Organic farming enhances the nutrients of the soil which is passed on to the plants and animals.
INCREASED DEMAND: the rise in the occurrence of various deadly diseases like cancer, diabetics etc have demanded for people’s carefulness and consciousness of what they consume. The demand for organic food has increased over the years.

FINANCIAL BENEFITS: this business just like with the conventional farming techniques is lucrative and cost effective. There is reduced cost as you would not need to invest into buying of chemical products and fertilizers. Everything is done in the natural way. Products are even more likely to sell faster and easily in the market.